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Myopia, or nearsightedness, can place severe limits on vision. Fortunately, modern eye care techniques allow us to limit the development of this condition, reducing the degree of myopia your child ends up with. Here at Pelham Parkway Vision Center, we're proud to provide these advanced services for your family members.
Nearsightedness occurs when the light passing through the lens of the eye doesn't come into focus precisely on the retina -- instead, the object comes into focus too early, in front of the retina. Most cases of myopia are caused by an eyeball that is too long from front to back. Problems with the lens's focusing muscles can also produce myopia. Untreated myopia not only causes blurry distance vision; it can also make sufferers more prone to retinal problems later in life.
Since myopia develops throughout the growing years before finally settling down, slowing that development in childhood can leave an individual with less severe myopia for life. Your child's optometrist in Bronx NY, Dr. Lisitsyn or Dr. Ilyasova, can implement any of several treatment methods to help control nearsightedness, including:
Vision Therapy - Vision therapy can be highly useful for reducing myopia. Specialized exercises and other techniques can help improve accommodation, the ability to switch between near and distance vision easily. Vision therapy can also help relieve myopia related to spasms in the focusing muscles of the lens.
Eye Drops - Medicated eye drops containing atropine have been found to reduce the speed of myopia development by up to 81 percent during the first year of treatment. Atropine can have some side effects, such as blurry vision and light sensitivity -- but interestingly, an extremely low concentration of atropine can actually do a better job of myopia control than a higher concentration of the drug.
Orthokeratology - Orthokeratology, better known as ortho-k, is the latest tool in our myopia control arsenal. Ortho-k lenses actually work as molds, gently and safely reshaping the corneal curvature during sleep for adults with myopia and other refractive errors. But in children, these lenses have the added benefit of reducing elongation of the eyeball, resulting in less myopia development.
If your nearsightedness is a done deal, don't despair. Adults who already have a well-established case of myopia can always have their vision corrected easily and accurately with glasses or contact lenses. There's even a permanent alternative: LASIK refractive surgery, in which the cornea is subtly reshaped by a laser to provide lens-free clarity. Our eye doctor will be happy to either fit you with corrective lenses or provide co-management of your LASIK procedure.
If you're ready to fight the effects of nearsightedness on your loved ones, Pelham Parkway Vision Center in Bronx is ready to help. Call 718-829-2160 for a consultation with your family eye doctor! We look forward to seeing you!